[Aaus-list] Russian Naval Aims: Robert J. Kerner, FA 1946

Khodarkovsky, Michael Mkhodar at luc.edu
Fri Mar 7 22:54:25 EST 2014


On Mar 7, 2014, at 8:19 PM, <znayenko at andromeda.rutgers.edu>
 wrote:

> Cannot help but recall these words.... he was my professor at Berkeley.
> In his Urge to the Sea, etc., he discusses the significance of Crimea.
> 
> Russian Naval Aims
> By Robert J. Kerner
> Excerpt from a 1946 Issue of Foreign Affairs
> 
> THE Soviet Union is the "Heartland" of the dreams of geopoliticians -- the
> land from which the "Superpower" will emerge to rule the world. They
> assumed that the Heartland could subdue and organize Europe, Asia and the
> whole of Africa by the use of land power, while nations not directly
> attacked looked benevolently on. Then it would build a navy for the
> conquest of the rest of the world.
> 
> The Haushofer school of geopoliticians inspired a German attempt at world
> conquest which was to be accomplished through Germany's alliance with, or
> conquest of, the Heartland. Soviet Russia did not fall into the trap of
> such an alliance, which would have made her a German vassal; and the Nazis
> were unable to conquer her. The Nazi alliances with Italy and Japan,
> important as they were, were insufficient to produce the desired results,
> and the German effort ended in catastrophe.
> 
> Must we, sooner or later, expect another bid for world hegemony from the
> Heartland? It is said that if the victorious Powers will not or cannot
> organize the world for peace on a mutually satisfactory basis, the logic
> of the situation makes this inevitable. Prophets of gloom point at Russia,
> and in particular scrutinize every item of news and every rumor having to
> do with the Red Navy. An effort at unimpassioned analysis of Russian naval
> policy seems most desirable.  ...
> 
> No. 2, January 1946 issue of Foreign Affairs
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> ON THIS TOPIC
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> Essay, Jul 1955
> 
> The Soviet Navy
> 
> Hanson W. Baldwin
> 
> THE Soviet Navy has expanded more rapidly since World War II than any
> other branch of the Russian armed forces. About 200,000 to 300,000 men
> have been added to its strength, which now totals between 750,000 and
> 850,000 officers and men. Its submarine fleet is the largest in the
> world--in fact ...
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> Essay, Apr 1952
> 
> The Threat of the Soviet Navy
> 
> Frank Uhlig, Jr.
> 
> THE essential strategic characteristics of the world's present division
> between land power and sea power are a familiar picture to historians. One
> part of the globe is ruled by a great army, capable of marching across
> continents. The other part is dominated by the sea, and in turn dominates
> ...
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> Essay, Jan 1938
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> Soviet Strategy in the Arctic
> 
> H. P. Smolka
> 
> WE CANNOT rule out the possibility that Japan's present war against China
> may grow to involve the Soviet Union and even perhaps Germany. In that
> event there will come into play a new geopolitical factor which has
> improved Russia's strategical position in comparison with what it was in
> ...
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> Myroslava Tomorug Znayenko
> Professor Emerita
> Slavic Languages and Literatures
> Rutgers University
> znayenko at andromeda.rutgers.edu
> 
> 
> 
> Myroslava Tomorug Znayenko
> Professor Emerita
> Slavic Languages and Literatures
> Rutgers University
> znayenko at andromeda.rutgers.edu
> 
> 
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