[Aaus-list] September 26 - Mariana Budjeryn Talk - Inheriting the Bomb: Soviet Collapse and Denuclearization of Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Ukraine, 1990-1994

Mark R Andryczyk ma2634 at columbia.edu
Mon Sep 18 08:21:32 EDT 2017

Please join the Ukrainian Studies Program at the Harriman Institute,
Columbia University for a presentation by

*Mariana Budjeryn *(Research Fellow, Harvard Kennedy School Belfer Center)


*Inheriting the Bomb: Soviet Collapse and Denuclearization of Belarus,
Kazakhstan, and Ukraine, 1990-1994*

The dramatic collapse of the Soviet empire in 1991 presented the world with
an unprecedented challenge: some 29,000 Soviet strategic and tactical
nuclear weapons suddenly found themselves on the territory of not one but
four new sovereign nations: the Russian Federation, Ukraine, Belarus, and
Kazakhstan. While Russia inherited more than two-thirds of the Soviet
Union’s nuclear arsenal and its status as a recognized nuclear weapons
state, the scale of nuclear inheritance of the non-Russian republics was
nevertheless staggering: Ukraine became home to the third-largest and
Kazakhstan – the fourth-largest strategic nuclear arsenal in the world. By
1994, the three non-Russian Soviet successors relinquished their nuclear
inheritance and joined the international nonproliferation regime as
non-nuclear-weapons states. What could have been the greatest single wave
of nuclear proliferation in history had been successfully averted. The talk
is an exploration of how this happened and why. It exposes the dilemmas and
ambiguities of post-Soviet nuclear predicaments and looks at how the
divergent interpretations political leaders of Belarus, Kazakhstan, and
Ukraine developed regarding their nuclear inheritance affected the path of
these countries toward nuclear disarmament.

*Mariana Budjeryn* is a research fellow with the International Security and
Managing the Atom programs at the Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center.
Mariana earned her M.A. and Ph.D. in Political Science and International
Relations from Central European University (CEU) in Budapest, Hungary and
her B.A. in Political Science from Kyiv-Mohyla Academy in Ukraine. Her
current research examines the role of the international nuclear
nonproliferation regime in the nuclear disarmament of Ukraine, Belarus, and
Kazakhstan following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Her analytical
contributions on post-Soviet disarmament and the current Ukrainian-Russian
crisis have appeared in *The Nonproliferation Review*, *Harvard
International Review*, *World Affairs Journal*, *Arms Control Today,*
*Krytyka*, and the Wilson Center publications.

September 26, 2017


Marshall D. Shulman Seminar Room (Room 1219 International Affairs Building)

This event is free and open to the public.
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